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Adult ADHD

adhd-in-adultsFor many years, it has been thought that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) was a disorder that affected only children. Thanks to research, we now know that 60% of children with ADHD will have symptoms of ADHD in their adult life as well.

Migration of ADHD Symptoms.


Hyperactivity-Impulsivity Domain 

Childhood

  • Squirming, fidgeting
  • Cannot stay seated
  • Cannot wait their turn
  • Runs/climbs excessively
  • Cannot play or work quietly
  • On the go
  • Talks excessively
  • Blurts out answers
  • Intrudes or interrupts others

Adulthood

  • Needs to move
  • Cannot sit through meetings
  • Impatient
  • Drives too fast
  • Prefers very active jobs
  • Poor frustration tolerance
  • Talks excessively
  • Makes inappropriate comments
  • Interrupts others
AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION. DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS,4TH ED, TEXT REVISION. WASHINGTON DC: AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION; 2000:85:93; WEISS MD, WEISS JR. J CLIN PSYCHIATRY 2004;65:27-37

Clinical Presentation in Adults

 

  • Disorganization (doesn’t plan ahead).
  • Forgetfulness (misses appointments, loses things).
  • Procrastination.
  • Time management issues – they are always late.
  • Premature shifting of activities – works on multiple activities at the same time.
  • Impulsive decision making (especially around spending, taking projects, traveling, jobs or social plans).
  • Criminal offenses (speeding fines, substance abuse).
  • Instability in relationships or jobs.
  • Low self-esteem.

 

Consequences of ADHD in Adults

Work Performance

 

  • Employers rate ADHD adults as:
    • Less adequate in fulfilling work demands
    • Less likely to work independently
    • Less likely to get along well with supervisors
  • They are more likely to be fired or laid-off than normal employees
  • ADHD adults in general have lower job status
  • They are more likely to quit a job or change jobs

Low Self-Esteem

  • Low self-esteem persist into adulthood
  • Self-perception of incompetence

Family Concerns

  • Higher levels of family adversities
  • More likely to have mental difficulties and increase divorce rate.

Impaired Social Skills

  • Greater social skill and interaction problems (particularly male-to-female interactions).
(Source: Dr Frans A Korb, Clinical Psychologist Dr Frans A Korb is a clinical psychologist and psychiatrist based in Johannesburg).

An official diagnosis of ADD/ADHD can only be made by a mental health professional:
  • Psychologist;
  • Psychiatrist with a specific interest in the field.
  • Some general practitioners with a good understanding of adult ADHD

Cognitive Learning offers a drug -free solution through the Davis Attention Mastery® program. It is not just a program that deals with the inability to focus but also addresses vital life concepts that are mostly lacking in a person with ADHD. It is these life concepts that helps them have better relationships with peers, teachers, family members and co-workers. It allows them to discover new insight into their behavior and how it affects other people. By applying the tools offered in the program and the new understanding of the concepts, the individual is able to recognize and change potentially self-destructing behaviors and replace bad habits with good ones.